Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) FM 21-20 / TC 3-22.20 Training Info

14-13 Alternate Events

Alternate Events
Alternate APFT events assess the aerobic fitness and muscular endurance of soldiers with permanent medical profiles or long-term (greater than three months) temporary profiles who cannot take the regular, three-event APFT.

The alternate aerobic APFT events are the following:

– 800-yard-swim test.
– 6.2-mile-stationary-bicycle ergometer test with a resistance setting of 2 kilopounds (2 kilograms) or 20 newtons.
– 6.2-mile-bicycle test on a conventional bicycle using one speed.
– 2.5-mile-walk test.

800-YARD-SWIM TEST
This event is used to assess cardiorespiratory (aerobic) fitness. (See Figure 14-10.)

Equipment
Two stopwatches, one clipboard and pen for each scorer, one copy each of the test instructions and standards, and appropriate safety equipment are needed.

Facilities
A swimming pool at least 25 yards long and 3 feet deep, or an approved facility, is needed.

Personnel
One event supervisor and at least control, and medical personnel must

Instructions
The event supervisor must read the following statement “THE 800-YARD SWIM IS USED TO ASSESS YOUR LEVEL OF AEROBIC FITNESS. YOU WILL BEGIN IN THE WATER; NO DIVING IS ALLOWED. AT THE START, YOUR BODY MUST BE IN CONTACT WITH THE WALL OF THE POOL. ON THE COMMAND ‘GO,’ THE CLOCK WILL START. YOU SHOULD THEN BEGIN SWIMMING AT YOUR OWN PACE, USING ANY STROKE OR COMBINATION OF STROKES YOU WISH. YOU MUST SWIM (tell the number) LAPS TO COMPLETE THIS DISTANCE. YOU MUST TOUCH THE WALL OF THE POOL AT EACH END OF THE POOL AS YOU TURN. ANY TYPE OF TURN IS AUTHORIZED. YOU WILL BE SCORED ON YOUR ABILITY TO COMPLETE THE SWIM IN A TIME EQUAL TO, OR LESS THAN, THAT LISTED FOR YOUR AGE AND SEX. WALKING ON THE BOTTOM TO RECUPERATE IS AUTHORIZED. SWIMMING GOGGLES ARE PERMITTED. BUT NO OTHER EQUIPMENT IS” AUTHORIZED. WHAT ARE YOUR QUESTIONS ABOUT THIS EVENT?”


Administration
After reading the instructions, the event supervisor answers only related questions. He assigns one soldier to each lane and tells the soldiers to enter the water. He gives them a short warm-up period to acclimate to the water temperature and loosen up. Above all, the event supervisor must be alert to the safety of the testees throughout the test.

Timing Techniques
The event supervisor is the timer. He uses the commands “Get set” and “Go.” Two stopwatches are used in case one fails. As the soldiers near the finish, the event supervisor begins calling off the elapsed time in minutes and seconds (for example, “Nineteen-eleven, nineteen-twelve, nineteen-thirteen,” and so on.) The time is recorded when each soldier touches the end of the pool on the final lap or crosses a line set as the 800-yard mark.

Scorers’ Duties
Scorers must observe the swimmers assigned to them. They must be sure that each swimmer touches the bulkhead at every turn. The scorers record each soldier’s time in the 2-mile-run block on the scorecard and use the comment block to identify the time as an 800-yard-swim time. If the pool length is measured in meters, the scorers convert the exact distance to yards. To convert meters to yards, multiply the number of meters by 39.37 and divide the product by 36, that is, (meters x 39.37)/36 = yards. For example, 400 meters equals 437.4 yards, that is, (400 x 39.37)/36 = 437.4 yards.

6.2-MILE STATIONARY-BICYCLE ERGONOMETER TEST
This event is used to assess the soldier’s cardiorespiratory and leg-muscle endurance. (See Figure 14- 11.)


Equipment
Two stopwatches, one clipboard and pen for each scorer, a copy of the test instructions and standards, and one stationary bicycle ergometer are needed. The ergometers should measure resistance in kiloponds or newtons. The bicycle should be one that can be used for training and testing. Its seat and handlebars must be adjustable to let the soldier fully extend his legs when pedaling. It should have an adjustable tension setting and an odometer. The resistance is usually set by a tension strap on a weighted pendulum connected to the flywheel. See Appendix D for guidance on using various types of stationary bikes.

Facilities
The test site can be any place where there is an approved bicycle ergometer. This could be the post’s fitness facility or the hospital’s therapy clinic. Each test station must be two yards wide and four yards deep.

Personnel
One event supervisor and at least one scorer for every three soldiers to be tested are required. Appropriate safety, control, and medical personnel should also be present.

Instructions
The event supervisor must read the following: “THE 6.2-MILE STATIONARY- BICYCLE ERGOMETER EVENT TESTS YOUR CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS AND LEG MUSCLE ENDURANCE. THE ERGOMETER’S RESISTANCE MUST BE SET AT TWO KILOPOUNDS (20 NEWTONS). ON THE COMMAND ‘GO,’ THE CLOCK WILL START, AND YOU WILL BEGIN PEDALING AT YOUR OWN PACE WHILE MAINTAINING THE RESISTANCE INDICATOR AT TWO POUNDS. YOU WILL BE SCORED ON YOUR ABILITY TO COMPLETE 6.2 MILES (10 KILOMETERS), AS SHOWN ON THE ODOMETER, IN A TIME EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN THAT LISTED FOR YOUR AGE AND SEX. WHAT ARE YOUR QUESTIONS ABOUT THIS EVENT?”

Administration
After reading the instructions, the event supervisor answers any related questions. Each soldier is given a short warm-up period and allowed to adjust the seat and handlebar height.

Timing Techniques
The event supervisor is the timer. He uses the commands “Get set” and “Go.” Two stopwatches are used in case one fails. As the soldiers pedal the last two-tenths of the test distance, the event supervisor should start calling off the time in minutes and seconds (for example, “Twenty-thirty-one, twenty -thirty-two, twenty-thirty-three,” and so on). He calls the time remaining every 30 seconds for the last two minutes of the allowable time and every second during the last ten seconds.

Scorers’ Duties
Scorers must ensure that the bicycle ergometer is functioning properly. They must then make sure that the bicycle ergometers’ tension settings have been calibrated and are accurate and that the resistance of the ergometers has been set at two kiloponds (20 newtons). The scorers must observe the soldiers throughout the event. From time to time the scorer may need to make small adjustments to the resistance control to ensure that a continuous resistance of exactly 2 kiloponds (20 newtons) is maintained throughout the test. At the end of the test, they record each soldier’s time on the scorecard in the 2-mile-run block, initial the appropriate block, and note in the comment block that the time is for a 6.2-mile stationary-bicycle ergometer test.

6.2-MILE BICYCLE TEST
This event is used to assess the soldier’s cardiorespiratory and leg-muscle endurance.


Equipment
Two stopwatches, one clipboard and pen for each scorer, a copy of the test instructions and standards, and numbers are needed. Although one-speed bicycles are preferred for this event, multispeed bicycles may be used. If a multispeed bicycle is used, measures must be taken to ensure that only one gear is used throughout the test. (This can usually be done by taping the gear shifters at the setting preferred by the testee.)

Facilities
A relatively flat course with a uniform surface and no obstacles must be used. It must also be clearly marked. Soldiers should not be tested on a quarter-mile track, and they should never be out of the scorers’ sight. The course should be completely free of runners and walkers.

Personnel
One event supervisor and at least one scorer for every 10 soldiers are required. Safety, control, and medical personnel should also be present as appropriate.

Instructions
The event supervisor must read the following: “THE 6.2-MILE BICYCLE TEST IS USED TO ASSESS YOUR CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS AND LEG MUSCLES’ ENDURANCE. YOU MUST COMPLETE THE 6.2 MILES WITHOUT ANY PHYSICAL HELP FROM OTHERS. YOU MUST KEEP YOUR BICYCLE IN ONE GEAR OF YOUR CHOOSING FOR THE ENTIRE TEST. CHANGING GEARS IS NOT PERMITTED AND WILL RESULT IN DISQUALIFICATION. TO BEGIN, YOU WILL LINE UP BEHIND THE STARTING LINE. ON THE COMMAND ‘GO,’ THE CLOCK WILL START, AND YOU WILL BEGIN PEDALING AT YOUR OWN PACE. TO COMPLETE THE REQUIRED DISTANCE OF 6.2 MILES, YOU MUST COMPLETE (describe the number of laps, start and finish points, and course layout). YOU WILL BE SCORED ON YOUR ABILITY TO COMPLETE THE DISTANCE OF 6.2 MILES (10 KILOMETERS) IN A TIME EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN THAT LISTED FOR YOUR AGE AND SEX. IF YOU LEAVE THE DESIGNATED COURSE FOR ANY REASON, YOU WILL BE DISQUALIFIED. WHAT ARE YOUR QUESTIONS ABOUT THIS EVENT?”

Administration
After reading the instructions, the event supervisor answers any related questions. He then organizes the soldiers into groups of no more than ten and assigns each group to a scorer. Scorers assign numbers to the soldiers in their groups and record each soldier’s number on the appropriate scorecard.

Timing Techniques
The event supervisor is the timer. He uses the commands “Get set” and “Go.” Two stopwatches are used in case one fails. As soldiers near the end of the 6.2-mile ride, the event supervisor starts calling off the time in minutes and seconds (for example, “Thirty-twenty-one, thirty- twenty-two, thirty-twenty-three,” and so on).

Scorers’ Duties
When the event is over, scorers record each soldier’s time in the 2-mile-run block. They initial the appropriate block and note in the comment block that the time is for a 6.2-mile-bicycle test and whether or not the testee met the required standards for his age and sex.

2.5-MILE WALK
This event serves to assess cardiorespiratory and leg-muscle endurance.


Equipment
Two stopwatches, one clipboard and pen for each scorer, numbers, and copies of the test instructions and standards are needed.

Facilities
This event uses the same course as the 2-mile run.

Personnel
One event supervisor and at least one scorer for every three soldiers to be tested are required. Appropriate safety, control, and medical personnel should be present.

Instructions
The event supervisor must read the following: “THE 2.5-MILE WALK IS USED TO ASSESS YOUR CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS AND LEG-MUSCLE ENDURANCE. ON THE COMMAND ‘GO,’ THE CLOCK WILL START, AND YOU WILL BEGIN WALKING AT YOUR OWN PACE. YOU MUST COMPLETE (describe the number of laps, start and finish points, and course layout). ONE FOOT MUST BE IN CONTACT WITH THE GROUND AT ALL TIMES. IF YOU BREAK INTO A RUNNING STRIDE AT ANY TIME OR HAVE BOTH FEET OFF THE GROUND AT THE SAME TIME, YOUR PERFORMANCE IN THE EVENT WILL BE TERMINATED. YOU WILL BE SCORED ON YOUR ABILITY TO COMPLETE THE 2.5-MILE COURSE IN A TIME EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN THAT LISTED FOR YOUR AGE AND SEX. WHAT ARE YOUR QUESTIONS ABOUT THIS EVENT?”

Administration
After reading the instructions, the event supervisor answers any related questions. He then divides the soldiers into groups of no more than three and assigns each group to a scorer. Each soldier is issued a number which the scorer records on the scorecard.

Timing Techniques
The event supervisor is the timer. He uses the commands “Get set” and “Go.” Two stopwatches are used in case one fails. As the soldiers near the end of the 2.5-mile walk, the event supervisor starts calling off the elapsed time in minutes and seconds (for example,”Thirty-three-twenty-two, thirty-three -twenty-three, thirty-three-twenty-four,” and so on).

Scorers’ Duties
Scorers must observe the soldiers during the entire event and must ensure that the soldiers maintain a walking stride. Soldiers who break into any type of running stride will be terminated from the event and given a “no go.” When the event is over, scorers record the time in the 2-mile-run block on the scorecard, initial the appropriate block, and note in the comment block that the time is for a 2.5-mile walk and whether or not the testee received a “go” or “no go.”


10 Comments for this entry

  • olven ruiz

    When taking the apft do runners and walkers start at same time or diffrent time.

  • Seth Sibley

    I take the walking APFT test and we always do it along with the runners on the same track and time. The only difference between the runners and the walkers, besides the obvious, is the runners are wearing yellow pt belts and the walkers are wearing orange pt belts.

    hope this helps.

  • Donald R Piersall

    If over the age of 55 can they do the alternate walk

  • Alberto Lopez

    A soldier with a PERMANENT profile with the three events,

    Who determines which alternate event the soldier will do?

    The commander or the soldier?

    • thor

      Who determines which alternate event will the Soldier do is clearly stated on your Permanment profile. If it says No push ups, but 2 mile run and situps then thats what you’ll do.

      The Commander has no say in this process.

    • William

      When you say all three events, are you saying the alternate events or the actual APFT?

      The Soldier’s profile will determine the alternate event, it should say what the Soldier can and can not do. If the Soldier is excempt for the push-up and Sit-up then that is automatic “GO”, although some scores the Soldier at 70 pts (Which is wrong). The only APFT event that has an alternate event is the run, where you can do the walk, swim or bicycle.

    • Fausto Lopez

      The commander designate the alternate event but using the guidance from the PA.

    • nadirah Tyler-Williams

      Like i have a running profile because I use an inhaler so, so I just let my grader know

  • Peoples

    Alberto Lopez, the permanent profile will dictate what you can do. The doctor decides what you can and cannot do.

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