Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) FM 21-20 / TC 3-22.20 Training Info

8-3 Log Drills

Log Drills
Log drills are team-conditioning exercises. They are excellent for developing strength and muscular endurance because they require the muscles to contract under heavy loads. They also develop teamwork and add variety to the PT program.

Log drills consist of six different exercises numbered in a set pattern. The drills are intense, and teams should complete them in 15 minutes. The teams have six to eight soldiers per team. A principal instructor is required to teach, demonstrate, and lead the drill. He must be familiar with leadership techniques for conditioning exercises and techniques peculiar to log drills.

AREA AND EQUIPMENT
Any level area is good for doing log drills. All exercises are done from a standing position. If the group is larger than a platoon, an instructor’s stand may be needed.

The logs should be from six to eight inches thick, and they may vary from 14 to 18 feet long for six and eight soldiers, respectively. The logs should be stripped, smoothed, and dried. The 14-foot logs weigh about 300 pounds, the 18-foot logs about 400 pounds. Rings should be painted on the logs to show each soldier’s position. When not in use, the logs are stored on a rack above the ground.

FORMATION
All soldiers assigned to a log team should be about the same height at the shoulders. The best way to divide a platoon is to have them form a single file or column with short soldiers in front and tall soldiers at the rear. They take their positions in the column according to shoulder height, not head height. When they are in position, they are divided into teams of six or eight. The command is “Count off by sixes (or eights), count off.” Each team, in turn, goes to the log rack, shoulders a log, and carries it to the exercise area.

The teams form columns in front of the instructor. Holding the logs in chest position, they face the instructor and ground the log. Ten yards should separate log teams within the columns. If more than one column is used, 10 yards should separate columns.

STARTING DOSAGE AND PROGRESSION
The starting session is six repetitions of each exercise. The progression rate is an increase of one repetition for each three periods of exercise. Soldiers continue this rate until they do 12 repetitions with no rest between exercises. This level is maintained until another drill is used.

START POSITIONS
The soldiers fall in facing their log, with toes about four inches away. Figure 8-16 shows the basic starting positions and commands.

Right-Hand Start Position, Move
On the command “Move,” move the left foot 12 inches to the left, and lower the body into a flatfooted squat. Keep the back straight, head up, and arms between the legs. Encircle the far side of the log with the left hand. Place the right hand under the log. (See 1, Figure 8-16.)

Left-Hand Start Position, Move
This command is done the same way as the preceding command. However, the left hand is under the log, and the right hand encircles its far side. (See 2, Figure 8-16.)

Right-Shoulder Position, Move
This command is given from the right-hand-start position. On the command “Move,” pull the log upward in one continuous motion to the right shoulder. At the same time, move the left foot to the rear and stand up, facing left. Balance the log on the right shoulder with both hands. (See 3, Figure 8-16.) This movement cannot be done from the left-hand-start position because of the position of the hands.

Left-Shoulder Position, Move
This command is given from the left-hand-start position. On the command “Move, ” pull the log upward to the left shoulder in one continuous motion. At the same time, move the right foot to the rear, and stand up facing right. Balance the log on the left shoulder with both hands. (See 4, Figure 8-17.) This movement cannot be done from the right-hand-start position.

Waist Position, Move
From the right-hand-start position, pull the log waist high. Keep the arms straight and fingers laced under the log. The body is inclined slightly to the rear, and the chest is lifted and arched. (See 5, Figure 8-17.)

Chest Position, Move
This command is given after taking the waist position. On the command “Move,” shift the log to a position high on the chest, bring the left arm under the log, and hold the log in the bend of the arms. (See 6, figure 8-17.) Keep the upper arms parallel to the ground.
To move the log from the right to the left shoulder, the command is “Left-shoulder position, move.” Push the log overhead, and lower it to the opposite shoulder.

To return the log to the ground from any of the above positions, the command is “Start position, move.” At the command “Move,” slowly lower the log to the ground. Position the hands and fingers so they are not under the log.

LOG-DRILL EXERCISES
The following are log-drill exercises.

Exercise 1. Two-Arm Push-Up

Start Position: Right- or left-shoulder position, with feet about shoulder-width apart. (See 1, Figure 8-18.)
Cadence: Moderate.

Movement: A four-count exercise; at the count of —

  • “One”-Push the log overhead until the elbows lock.
  • “Two”-Lower the log to the opposite shoulder.
  • “Three”-Repeat the action of count one.
  • “Four”-Recover to the start position.

Exercise 2. Forward Bender

Start Position: Chest position, with feet about shoulder-width apart. (See 2, Figure 8-18.)
Cadence: Moderate.

Movement A four-count exercise; at the count of —

  • “One”-Bend forward at the waist while keeping the back straight and the knees slightly bent.
  • “Two”-Recover to the start position.
  • “Three”-Repeat the action of count one.
  • “Four”-Recover to the start position.


Exercise 3. Straddle Jump

Start Position: Right- or left-shoulder position, with feet together, and fingers locked on top of the log. Pull the log down with both hands to keep it from bouncing on the shoulder. (See 3, Figure 8-19.)
Cadence: Moderate.

Movement A four-count exercise; at the count of–

  • “One”-Jump to a side straddle.
  • “Two”-Recover to the start position.
  • “Three”-Repeat the action of count one.
  • “Four”-Recover to the start position.

Exercise 4. Side Bender

Start Position: Right-shoulder position with the feet about shoulder- width apart. (See 4, Figure 8- 19.)
Cadence Moderate.

Movement: A four-count exercise; at the count of–

  • “One”-Bend sideward to the left as far as possible, bending the left knee.
  • “Two”-Recover to the start position.
  • “Three”-Repeat the action of count one.
  • “Four”-Recover to the start position.


NOTE: After doing the required number of repetitions, change shoulders and do an equal number to the right side.
Exercise 5. Half-Knee Bend

Start Position: Right- or left-shoulder position, with feet about shoulder-width apart, and fingers locked on top of the log. (See 5, Figure 8-20.)

Cadence: Slow.

Movement: A four-count exercise; at the count of —

  • “One”-Flex the knees to a halfknee bend.
  • “Two”-Recover to the start position.
  • “Three”-Repeat the action of count one.
  • “Four”-Recover to the start position.

(NOTE: Pull forward and downward on the log throughout the exercise.)

Exercise 6. Overhead Toss (NOTE: Introduce this exercise only after soldiers have gained experience and strength by doing the other exercises for several sessions.)

Start Position: Right-shoulder position with the feet about shoulder-width part. The knees are at a quarter bend. (See 6, Figure 8-20.)
Cadence: Moderate.

Movement: A four-count exercise; at the count of —

  • “One”-Straighten the knees and toss the log about 12 inches overhead. Catch the log with both hands, and lower it toward the opposite shoulder. As the log is caught, lower the body into a quarter bend.
  • “Two”-Again, toss the log into the air and, when caught, return it to the original shoulder.
  • “Three”-Repeat the action of count one.
  • “Four”-Recover to the start position.


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